Monday, March 28, 2011

Cancer Screening for Women

This week, courtsey of my office, I went for a "Well Woman Quick Screening" exercise. The exercise involved Pap Smear, the Mammogram and Breast Self Examination.

Pap smear (also called ,The Papanicolaou test,Pap test, cervical smear, or smear test) is a screening test used in gynecology to detect premalignant and malignant (cancerous) processes in the ectocervix. Significant changes can be treated, thus preventing cervical cancer. This type of screening is usually conducted on women who are sexually active.

Mammography is the process of using low-dose amplitude-X-rays (usually around 0.7 mSv) to examine the human breast and is used as a diagnostic and a screening tool. The goal of mammography is the early detection of breast cancer, typically through detection of characteristic masses and/or microcalcifications. Mammography is believed to reduce mortality from breast cancer. Remaining aware of breast changes and physician examination are considered essential parts of regular breast care. This is usually done for women who are between 35-75 years old (or more).

Breast Self-Examination (BSE) is a screening method used in an attempt to detect early breast cancer. The method involves the woman herself looking at and feeling each breast for possible lumps, distortions or swelling. BSE was once promoted heavily as a means of finding cancer at a more curable stage, but large randomized controlled studies found that it was not effective in preventing death, and actually caused harm through needless biopsies and surgery.

So that's my little lecture on "Cancer Screening" for women. It's advisable to go for a cancer screening regularly. Say like every three (3) or six (6) months. It's so necessary! The rate at which cancer is spreading especially amongst women is alarming!!!!

So go do yours. Happy Screening!!!!!

Pap smear


Breast Self-Examination (BSE)

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